• Born date: 1726-06-14
  • Born in: Edinburgh
  • Death date: 1797-03-26
  • Death in: Edinburgh
James Hutton

James Hutton FRSE (3 June 1726 OS (14 June 1726 NS) – 26 March 1797) was a Scottish geologist, physician, chemical manufacturer, naturalist, and experimental agriculturalist. He originated the theory of uniformitarianism—a fundamental principle of geology—which explains the features of the Earth’s crust by means of natural processes over geologic time.