• Born date: 1845-07-28
  • Born in: Hauts-de-Seine
  • Death date: 1921-11-22
  • Death in: FrancE
Émile Boutroux

Étienne Émile Marie Boutroux (French: [butʁu]; July 28, 1845 – November 22, 1921) was an eminent 19th century French philosopher of science and religion, and an historian of philosophy. He was a firm opponent of materialism in science. He was a spiritual philosopher who defended the idea that religion and science are compatible at a time when the power of science was rising inexorably. His work is overshadowed in the English-speaking world by that of the more celebrated Henri Bergson.