• Born date: 1777-04-30
  • Born in: Holy Roman Empire
  • Death date: 1855-02-23
  • Death in: Kingdom of Hanover
Carl Friedrich Gauss

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (/ɡaʊs/; German: Gauß, pronounced [ɡaʊs] ; Latin: Carolus Fridericus Gauss) (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician, who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy, and optics.Sometimes referred to as the Princeps mathematicorum (Latin, "the Prince of Mathematicians" or "the foremost of mathematicians") and "greatest mathematician since antiquity", Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians.