• Born date: 1924-11-20
  • Born in: Poland
  • Death date: 2010-10-14
  • Death in: Cambridge, Massachusetts
Benoit Mandelbrot

Benoît B. Mandelbrot (20 November 1924 – 14 October 2010) was a Polish-born, French and American mathematician, noted for developing a "theory of roughness" in nature and the field of fractal geometry to help prove it, which included coining the word "fractal". He later discovered the Mandelbrot set of intricate, never-ending fractal shapes, named in his honor.While he was a child, his family fled to France in 1936 to escape the growing Nazi persecution of Jews.