• Born date: 1953-09-02
  • Born in: Afghanistan
  • Death date: 2001-09-09
  • Death in: Kingdom of Afghanistan
Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud (Persian: احمد شاه مسعود‎; September 2, 1953 – September 9, 2001) was an Afghan political and military leader, who was a central figure in the resistance against the Soviet occupation between 1979 and 1989 and in the following years of civil war. He was assassinated on September 9, 2001.Massoud came from an ethnic Tajik, Sunni Muslim background from the Panjshir valley in northern Afghanistan.