• Born date: 1934-12-03
  • Born in: Peru
Abimael Guzmán

Manuel Rubén Abimael Guzmán Reynoso (About this sound pronunciation ah-bee-mah-EHL gooss-MAHN; born 3 December 1934), also known by the nom de guerre Comrade Gonzalo (Spanish: Camarada Gonzalo), a former professor of philosophy, was the leader of the Shining Path during the Maoist insurgency known as the internal conflict in Peru. Shining Path had been active in Peru since the late 1970s and began what it called "the armed struggle" on 17 May 1980.